REACTOR RADIOACTIVE DECAY

on 12 May 2017.

 

 Decay of some nuclei by absorption of neutrons, this principle is the whole nuclear energy. However, the synthesis of nuclei releases more energy per nucleon than nuclear fission, but for many decades in this way there is no decisive success – there is no commercial reactors of thermonuclear synthesis.

Radioactive decay of isotopes cannot contribute to the chain reaction. Alpha particles, electrons, positrons, gamma rays – these decomposition products do not lead to the collapse of adjacent elements and chain reaction.

Not found the factors influencing radioactive decay. No temperature, no magnetic field or electric field does not accelerate the reaction.

The effect of temperature on the rate of radioactive disintegration is checked thoroughly at temperatures achievable on earth is thousands of degrees. During the transition to temperatures of millions of degrees is absolutely not confirmed!

Easiest check can be done with the accelerated ions by bombarding a target with radioactive material. Changing the accelerating potential, it is possible to find the limit at which will manifest itself in an accelerated decay of a radioactive isotope taken.

Recall that the energy of a charged particle, accelerated to 1 eV, equivalent to the energy of the particle heated up to 11000 degrees. The ions, accelerated by a voltage of 1000 Volts will have the energy, and heated up to 11 000 000 degrees particles. With 10,000 Volts - 110 000 000 degrees. Even 100,000 Volts now familiar tension for laboratories, this corresponds to 1 100 000 000 degrees! More than a billion degrees – not every star has this temperature! Can't this temperature does not influence radioactive decay! All - radioactive isotope at impact at this temperature, stirred up, like a rotten egg, and it will take off the excess particles.

If to solve the problem of accelerated decay, it is possible to involve a large quantity of nuclear waste in power generation.

You know how in x-ray apparatus bombard the anode the electrons? When those currents that flow in installation and the energies that carry electrons, anode melting and evaporation is inevitable. Therefore, the anode is rotated. The discharge current is therefore "spread" over a large surface of the anode, and its damage does not occur.

The screen of the CRT TV are bombarding the electrons with energy of 25 000 electron volts. And nothing is terrible. First, because the electrons (the beam) are deployed across the surface of the screen (therefore the energy per unit area is small and the screen has time to cool). Second, because the current of electrons is small. But sometimes, when the system breaks down deflection of the beam, and the beam has at one point, for example, in the center, it burns the surface of the screen, and forever, beyond repair.

So, the author imagines the reactor the radioactive elements that way.

Fig.1

 


1-anode; 2 - ionization chamber; 3 - the external ionization source; 4 electrode grid; 5 - horizontal deflection plates; 6 - vertically deflecting plates; 7 - the cathode target; 8 - sealed tube.

As ions (as a rule) are positively charged, the target must submit a negative accelerating potential.

The cathode target "7" is a plate of durable and refractory material, e.g., tungsten. Inside this plate are tubes, which pumped cooler coolant. The cathode is placed in a sealed tube "8". The tube is filled with radioactive gas at low pressure.

From the side opposite to the cathode the anode is "1". At the anode ionization chamber is "2". In this chamber is the ionization of the gas by an external source "3" (high frequency, ultraviolet).

Near the ionization chamber is a first cathode grid is "4". He pulls the ions from the ionization chamber, prevents the drifting (diffusion) of electrons in the accelerating tube and may serve to control the flow of ions.

Between the ionization chamber and the cathode are control electrodes deflecting the beam of ions as horizontally "5" and the vertical "6".

Of the ionization chamber ions are accelerated and stretched by the applied voltage. The beam is unfolding all over the target area due to the alternating voltage fed to the deflecting electrodes.

It is desirable to use the focusing system – electric or magnetic.

Selection of radioactive substances.

Is to the substance, the radioactive decay emit only charged high-energy particles – then drastically reduced the requirements for protection from radiation. Neutrons and gamma rays go a long way in matter and require more massive.

The substance must be gaseous compounds or low boiling point. (For example, a fluoride of uranium). In the case of complex chemical compounds, of course, you should perform which of the polarity of ions formed. Preferred positively charged ions only! Then will not accelerate the electrons, which will take care of 99 percent conductivity.

Maybe at a certain ion energy will not occur characteristic radioactive decay, and the decay of a very different kind. Wonderful discoveries await researchers!

The list of known isotopes so wide that ensures tremendous freedom of choice.

There are many developed accelerators of protons and ions. But no one dared to use as the accelerated particles, the radioactive material is deliberately meant to make the dangerous background in the accelerator and make it unfit for further use.

But, according to the author, does not require complex and expensive accelerators! They must be extremely simple and unpretentious.

To control the decay rate of radioactive isotopes by the voltage on the acceleration electrodes can be the reactor easier? According to the author, at these energies the decay of certain isotopes will be immediate, or the speed of his rise into the millions. time. Then mankind will get rid of energy dependence.

The goal is so big that it is worth to experiment, to try, to try.

Everything will change, but not for the worse! Security will increase, energy will be more (infinitely more!), the availability of energy in any remote area will lead to progress in resettlement, everybody will be richer only because will be able to manage a huge energy!

The goal is worthy! Prospects are enormous.