And once more about Fusion

on 06 September 2012.


 Now impurities - is the bane of all thermonuclear devices. Get rid of them completely is impossible, because details of the technology and adsorbed on the surfaces of materials delivered to the plasma rapidly and spoil any experiment.
      We must look for impurities that would catalyze the synthesis.
      So replacing the tungsten iron constructions of
U.S. researchers at Princeton in 1978 led to a significant improvement in plasma parameters. And when there have replaced iron on carbon, this has led to a breakthrough in plasma confinement. It was not a reaction catalyst, carbon is only less than iron emits less energy dumped overboard, but it was enough to qualitatively improve the reaction. (And even - who knows? Theories fusion catalysis still do not.)




A similar situation existed in the Soviet Union at the "plasma focus," which replaced the ceramic discharge tube to the copper. Although the effect is likely to obtain because of a configuration change of the magnetic fields, but it is a fact: the replacement of material led to a sharp increase in the yield of neutrons.
     Ion interaction with each other can be so complex that they describe their existing theories can not.
     The author offers the following hypothesis.
     There are ions, which will contribute to fusion. Encounter in their field of protons (deuterons) will increase the probability of reaction, increase the total energy output of the system.
     When was the excitement of the sensation of cold fusion, when the wave receded shame of hasty statements, verification and confirmation of the widespread effect, found one very curious circumstance. No one could deny the first results! No one could make a convincing counter-arguments! Conversely, some explanation of the effect is so convincing was that now they are of interest - enough to argue, based on science, made the largest specialist ...
     For example, in one version to the last shell of palladium may be the fusion of two protons, with a reasonable probability at room temperature. This hypothesis sounded convincing, but whether it will be an even more compelling when the temperature of protons will be increased to tens of millions of degrees?

The formation of an intermediate structure in the collision of two protons and ions of the imported - it is quite possible, probable event. The deformation of the remaining electron shells can create a spatial structure of the fields and of the interacting particles, which will react with the protons are more likely than in the doubles clash.
       Not too many simple substances, and, it would seem, is not too difficult to verify. But the injection of each element of the reactor would require, then clean away all the elements of design. And this, perhaps, is not possible. Given that the cost of reactors incredibly high, that risk no one would dare.
      But there is a setting in which although a reaction, but as far away from the coveted Lawson criterion that they are sentenced to the dismantling of the development of technology. And it is on them before dismantling and recycling can check.
      Moreover, that part of the matter, and so willy nilly has already been verified. Nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, silicon, iron, copper, tungsten, titanium - all that was found in the installation or deposited on the surface of its details have already been tested. Some of them (carbon, copper) seems preferable. That is the effect of replacing the impurities are.
       Remain substance that anyone and not to be placed in the reactor (the same palladium, platinum or mystical) ... A rare gases with their perfect bodies shells? Until now no impurities were introduced, they spontaneously arose in the course of the discharge plasma by contact with items. Therefore looked for the lesser evil, replacing parts of one material to another.
      Are unlikely to be tested radioactive elements - it would complicate recycling construction. Hypothesis is the influence of the ion field, its structure on the course of the synthesis reaction, so preferred stable compounds, or those that are very large (billions of years), the half-life - they have little shell such as that of their fellow strongly radioactive isotopes, and harm and concerns the use of much less.
     Since you can not unequivocally answer, will affect certain substances in the reactor in the course of fusion, you should try them all.
       Once upon a time in Nazi Germany, it was concluded that inappropriate use of graphite as a neutron moderator. This conclusion, as we know, was wrong. Taken for experiments graphite was contaminated by impurities. Who knows how things might have ended differently?
      It may be that the impurity will save the world and the second time.