Electric generator

on 05 September 2012.

(Moving the magnet in an electric field)

 Homopolar machine gives a constant voltage and current, and the magnitude of current can reach hundreds of thousands and millions of amperes.

 Of Art. "On some phenomena of the motion of a dipole in a magnetic field." Solving the inverse problem: what happens to the motion of a magnet in an electric field, we can conclude that the magnet (magnetic dipole) should orient, one has to take a strong position. Obviously, moving in an electric field, the magnet will take a position in which the axis of the magnetic dipoles are perpendicular to the electric field lines are perpendicular to the direction and speed.

The greater the speed, the greater the orientation effect.

 Then the inevitable conclusion that the total effect of all orient the magnetic domains in the body should increase dramatically. That is, the motion of a ferromagnet in an electric field to appear powerful one), the magnetic field (the field of the magnet should increase dramatically due to the forced orientation nedoorientirovannyh domains) 2) electric field directed perpendicular to the magnetic field and its own counter external primary electric field.

 Consider, for example, a construction analogous to the unipolar machine.

 Conducting disc rotates in a magnetic field between the axis and the periphery there is a difference voltages.

 Now let ferromagnetic disc rotates in the electric field of the capacitor.

 Magnetic domains Orient, there will be a magnetic field directed perpendicular to the lines of force of the electric field and the velocity (speed) that is, for example, from the axis to the periphery. Field is constant in magnitude.

The magnitude of this field, all the time, but it moves. A moving magnetic field will produce an electric field is also constant in magnitude. The direction of this field must be opposite to the external field condenser (that is, those plates, an electric field, which rotates the disk). However, since the magnetic field goes from the end of the disc and there is the greatest linear velocity, the greatest effect of the manifestations of this field will be just on the outer end. Then returned to the field in the center of the disk, but there is a minimum line speed, so the effect will be minimal. Not to have a loss in the transfer and use of this magnetic field, you can use magnetic cores, going from the front to the axis of the disk (such as capacitor plates and may be a magnetic circuit).

 So, if you put the wire near the end face of the rotor, then it will put the EMF. Permanent! Closing the ends of the conductor is the magnetic field, we obtain in this circuit current. Permanent!

Thus, giving a constant voltage on capacitor plates and rotating in the field of the ferromagnetic disk, you can get permanent in size, but the moving magnetic field and a constant voltage in the conductors, located near the end of the disc. Placing a large number of wires parallel to the axis of rotation near the end of the disc, you can enhance the effect of a multiple voltage and current.

If the disc is conductive, the electric field of the capacitor must produce the following.

No matter how thin magnetic or ferromagnetic disc, but it is polarized. Part of the charges (electrons) move to "" capacitor, therefore, the reverse side of the disc is charged "." Now the disc can be represented as a set of dipoles in parallel. The total field of the dipole is directed opposite to the external field. And this will also create permanent dipoles in magnitude, but the moving magnetic field - they lead the move in the electric field. The field will be perpendicular to the velocity and direction of the electric field (that is, again in the direction of the axis-periphery, therefore, the effect of effort). A moving magnetic field will inevitably create an electric field. The direction of the induced electric field is opposite to the electric field of the primary capacitor, that is, it will be weakened. This means that the capacitance will increase.

Thus, there are several options.

1. The rotation of a non-conducting ferromagnetic disk in an electric field. Happen magnetization axis of the disc to the periphery. There moving magnetic field. Strong enough.

2. The rotation of the conductive diamagnetic drive in an electric field. There magnetic field directed away from the axis to the periphery. Weak.

 3. Rotation of ferromagnetic conducting disc in an electric field. There magnetic field directed away from the axis to the periphery. Its value will be higher than in the first two cases.

 The proposed construction, of course, can be as refined and modified. You can use hundreds of ferromagnetic disks on the same shaft. You can not rotate the ferromagnetic disks, and plates of the capacitor. Can be served on plates of the capacitor is not constant, and the alternating voltage.

 Energy conversion is not a transformer, and the other way - that allows such a generator (given that almost all the electrical machinery reversible, and engine).

 If such an inefficient generator, then place it in the cabinet of curiosities. But it must be to understand the principle of operation, advantages, disadvantages, applicability. Yes, and just do: what a museum without exhibits!

Studies of non-traditional energy conversion promises quite a lot to spend attention and funds. Increasing the speed of rotation of the generator, reducing the weight and size, obtaining moving constant fields, the rejection of the brush contacts and collectors...