BOUNDARY LAYER - WAY DOWN THE RESISTANCE

on 01 September 2012.

 

 

 

 

BOUNDARY LAYER - WAY DOWN THE RESISTANCE

Movement of the body in the environment - be it a plane or a ship - an interesting topic.

 It would seem that all we know, everything is calculated, the new findings can not simply be. Theories are beautiful and tortured twists formulas.

 And then there is a new wing, a new profile of the vessel, the new screw (one at the scheduled crank screw Soviet ship in England killed the most famous spy - figured screw profile. Were expressed condolences), new turbine. And the new "refined" can make another step forward, increasing the lift, reduces energy costs, increases power. There are some facts to suggest that steps will be made for more than just shapes and profiles, but also in ways to influence the environment in which the body moves.

 

 

 

 


 

 

It is known from the theory and practice of MHD generators, enough 1-2% ionizable additives into a hot gas to control all of its volume of the magnetic and electric fields.

 We know that in an induction motor and a few percent is enough wire to move the huge mass of the rotor attached.

 It is known that a percent of some substances qualitatively alter the surface tension in liquids.
Known effect of abnormally low friction. In a vacuum, and (preferably) annealing friction surfaces can fall into order, if the surface is irradiated alpha particles. Remove adsorbed on the surface layer of the test samples of gases (high have polar water molecules) has a tremendous influence on friction. Mass fraction of adsorbed substances is ridiculously small, almost indefinable - even millionths of a percent. But that instead they appear on the surface helium (traces of it!), Changes the friction so fantastic that once it was registered as a discovery. Even tried to attribute this phenomenon as superconductivity and quantum root.

 It is known that the substances have different adsorption properties. Properties of substances to attract gas molecules can differ considerably. For many substances, is a "special favorite" gases. And the adsorption process can be controlled electrically (See Art. Elektroadsorbtsiya).
You can also choose the material for the absorption of a gas. And you can choose a pre-filler gas adsorption pad (layer).

 Imagine two identical wings.

 The first option. The wings of the same material. Manufacturing technology of one wing included a joke in a vacuum chamber and forced gas adsorption, which gives less friction with the air, than themselves adsorbed on another wing of oxygen and water from the atmosphere.

 Option Two. The wings of the same material, but one covered with a thin layer of material having an affinity with oxygen and water in the order of magnitude smaller than the other. (Nitrogen is inert, poorly adsorbed).
Option three. Wings of different materials, with an affinity for the surface of the air one order of magnitude smaller than the other.

 Obviously, the material for the wings not negotiable - technology developed. Adsorption of synthetic material after annealing will eventually disappear, replaced by atmospheric. Therefore coating method is promising.

 If we recognize that the movement of the wing in the environment, such as helium, will be accompanied by less resistance than air, then it is not difficult to recognize that the resistance of the air wing of the replacement of the boundary layer will be much the helium, as in a helium environment.

 And that would not talk about the magnitude of the boundary layer in the references, believe that it is negligible (of an inch, a millimeter). For example, replacing the factory paint on the "
Douglas" that is tucked under the arm, led to a sharp drop in speed (eyewitness testimony).
Therefore, promising to replace the air and the way (natural atmospheric) boundary layer artificial.

 That is, if the front edge of the wing are nozzles spraying helium on the (top or bottom? Upper! And the bottom ...), the resistance is reduced and the quality of the wing increases.

 As soon as one percent of the ions in the air flow enough to qualitatively affect the entire incoming flow magnetic and electric fields, then, consequently, the flow must be ionized.

 Can ionize the air thick quartz UV lamps arranged, again at the leading edge of the wing. Possible radioactive sources (ploho!). Possible ultraviolet laser beam along the edge of the wing. You can enter into helium addition of cesium, sodium, barium, potassium, and who do not remember when was the neutrals …
To control moving with the flow of ions incident, the easiest way to create a magnetic field. (This is perfect, of course, does not mean that we neglect the electric field and do not want to create a magnetohydrodynamic pump. Thing, too bad. But simpler, easier, and move to the final structure).

 What we want to achieve?

 Creating greater lift, reduction of environmental resistance.

 Greater flow velocity flow top surface (not on the bottom back pressure and reducing the pressure on the top play a major role).

 Reducing vortex, turbulence, creating the classic laminar flows. In such flows, ideally no resistance will be (in theory).

 Therefore, there must be moving (running), the magnetic field. It will pull wire (ions) and its attached CD (incoming flow) in the right direction. Linear induction motor. This engine long before we have created smart people.
Placed under the upper surface of the wing three-phase (but you can desyatifaznuyu (sto!) - it's conceptual design - the higher the frequency, the less iron, the less weight) winding. Preferably it should be put, of course, net (stator) - then we increase the magnetic field. Will submit to her AC, we will create a running field. From the front edge to the back.

 Further it is possible according to the text on some textbook "Induction Motors." Squirrel cage... in a rotating magnetic field in motion with some delay (accepted term - slip) on the magnetic field ...

 Little nuance.

 Must, among other things, hugged conductive layer with CD (running stream). Therefore ionizable additives should preferably have ferromagnetic properties.
So how would the examination conducted by their own statements.

 For a start, he still felt quite similar to the wings of different materials, the choice of material produced with the least affinity with the air, that is, with the least resistance, all other things being equal (surface finish - is the main factor). In this experiment, not the form, but the material is the overriding factor.

 Next best (selected) material he paid (a) on the wing of a commonly used material and found the correct thickness of the layer (the Author is the view that the influence of atoms extends slightly more than spraying on Zeiss optics).
So how would the examination conducted by their own statements.

For a start, he still felt quite similar to the wings of different materials, the choice of material produced with the least affinity with the air, that is, with the least resistance, all other things being equal (surface finish - is the main factor). In this experiment, not the form, but the material is the overriding factor.

Next best (selected) material he paid (a) on the wing of a commonly used material and found the correct thickness of the layer (the Author is the view that the influence of atoms extends slightly more than spraying on Zeiss optics).

He then set the nozzle to supply helium (a. may be other gas) at the leading edge of the wing. Analyze the best location nozzles. The vast field of research. As the surface of the wing.

Then it was found necessary to exceed the speed of the magnetic field over the running running stream.

He then set the ionizers on the leading edge of the wing to be ions, which is going to run.

He then set the high frequency system inside the wing to create a traveling magnetic field and examine how the air at these speeds with this ionizer behaves. Moreover, at different heights, that is, at different pressures and concentrations of atmospheric gases.

Then submits ionizable additive. Again, check the quality and quantity.

The frequency of the voltage will be such that almost no iron needed. A rare earth element is ferromagnetic. A wing of the left lung. Therefore, the system can be de-icing (presumably) removed).
That field will now create a profile of the wing. Virtual, visually determined wing dynamically change depending on the mode of operation and our desire. And it is a virtual wing can work not only in fast flow, but also in the mode of the brake, if you change the direction of the traveling field.

 Then it all add up, think, and say it's someone probably already made​​. Old as the hills. Created somewhere to work, because it can not work ... Those who wiser people and ...

 And for those who kayak or body rubs ointment on an old woman recipes, so to speak.

 Repellent ointment? No. Vortices have on every inch (millimeter) surface.
Or gel, which changes with you on the surface tension of the order?

 Catch the soap in the water. Burbot. Pike. Eel. Enveloped himself something drastically reduce water resistance. Change (umensh!) surface tension. Increase the slip.

 Warmer swim, covered with fat. Therefore, rubbed with fat, when escapes. Is yes. Without exception, all looking repellent ointment.

 Wrong!

 And the creation of a laminar flow? Only when you obtyanet liquid, they will create. Dolphin skin, mucus of fish. Search is where and where is.

 Output.

 Faster will probably now in soap, gel, eroded by water, dramatically alter the surface tension.

 Blur? Yes!
As a pike. The losses are huge, but because she and predator. Works shock, jerk, very quickly. She threw something into the water during the attack, she drops somewhere in front of him or his body in water, which greatly increases its speed. Or mucus constantly has the property (if the losses can be, and very minimal). Weeks can be as carp, crucian carp, or chew the grass, have a long intestine for digestion. Is it possible to miss a hundred times, but it did eat, carp and not to have a bowel, no worries on the digestion of plant foods.

 And the loss of something small. Enough hundredths of a percent in the boundary layer to dramatically change the resistance. The more, the author argues that the boundary layer is negligible - a millimeter at most.

 From the fact that no fish slime "Chanel number 5" does not mean that it is not effective.
The aircraft that the predator - a high-speed system. Can patrol as the German "frame" on the object, and then give the "off" and become a fighter. Losses scanty. That Moment application, obviously, the most promising. Takeoff, acceleration, avoiding the enemy.

 Questions about pollution pool? Yes!

 That's when they put the question, then we will decide. Upon receipt.

 As with the issue of blood transfusion (both its own and the donor) before the event, as well as the issue of training at high altitude ... about sexual relations Women - athletes about sexual abstinence ... men ...

 Experience, experience, experience ...