SOME EVENTS IN dipole motion in a magnetic field

on 26 August 2012.

SOME EVENTS IN dipole motion in a magnetic field


 It is known that on a moving charge in a magnetic field, Lorentz force, forcing the charge to move in a circle. Direction of rotation for a positive and negative charge opposite.

Dipole is a system of charges related to each other or what forces.

You can select the most typical situation of a dipole magnetic field and accurately determine the behavior of the particles (molecules, atoms).

So enters the dipole magnetic field is perpendicular to the field lines.

Conditionally accept that the magnetic field is directed to us.





First position (-) on the left (+) on the right.

The charges of trying to twist in opposite directions, with the force directed against the bond. That is, under such circumstances, there is a resultant force tending to break the dipole. The situation is stable.



Second position (+) to the left (-) on the right.

The charges of trying to twist in opposite directions, but in opposite directions. There is the net force that tends to compress the dipole position neustochivo (explanation below) ..





  Third position: (-) in front, and () at the rear.

Lorentz force acts on the negative charge in an effort to turn it - the force is to the left. Positive charge on a force directed in the opposite direction - to the right. These forces are applied to the charges, but the charge up the system - dipole. Result-dipole rotation counter-clockwise until a steady state - the position of one.

Fourth position (+) in front, and (-) at the rear.

The result - the dipole rotation in a clockwise direction until the establishment of the position one.

Fifth position (-) at the top (closer to the observer), (+) a minus. Again, a pair of forces will cause the dipole rotation counterclockwise (looking after departing particle) to establish to the "one."

The 6th position (+) at the top, closer to the observer, (-) a plus. Result: dipole rotation in a clockwise direction (as seen after departing particle) to establish to the "one."

Thus, there are two stable positions of the dipole, not cause it rotates in a magnetic field. This is a position where the line joining the dipoles perpendicular to the magnetic field lines and the velocity vector (position one and two). Under these provisions the dipole tends to shrink or at one position of the charges or experiencing tension in that orientation of charges.

All other provisions are unstable. Dipole of them tends to rotate so to get into a stable position.

And it should be noted that it is the "one" is a state of stable equilibrium. Position "two" is the state unstable equilibrium


The very small rotation of the dipole at the "two", there is a tipping point, and the dipole is set to "one." The magnetic field on the observer.

Forces that cause stretching of the dipole, can be of such magnitude that tear dipole. This means that there will be charged radicals, which may come in a chemical reaction.

A water molecule is a clear dipole. Effect of magnetic field on the properties of water is known. In light of the present author clarifies the mechanism of processes change the properties of water in the magnetization.

Establishing moving dipole in a magnetic field ordered gives rise to an electric field. As soon as all the dipoles in the material will take the "one", the electric dipole field, up to this point randomly directed, will now stack, the total electric field there.

Thus, the motion of matter in a magnetic field, whose molecules are dipoles, will be accompanied by the appearance of an electric field. This field is perpendicular to the magnetic field and the velocity vector of the matter.

Generally, any substance moving in a magnetic field will tend to polarize, even if the molecules it and do not represent the dipoles. Any random fluctuations of the position of the moving non-polar molecule or atom will be supported by the magnetic field, picked up and amplified. Fluctuations also have an indispensable attribute of a microcosm. Therefore, one would expect the polarization of any and all substances moving in a magnetic field. But, of course, the polarization will be greater for those substances whose molecules are polar.

Perhaps it is not available in some designs of electric generators: rotation, for example, the dielectric disk in a magnetic field will create an electric field between the axis and the periphery, and, consequently, to a redistribution of charge to nearby conductors. (Many substances, such as Rochelle salt, are clear and strong dipoles). If you then change the direction of the magnetic field, it will move, and the charges on the conductors. And where there is movement of charges, that is current, and you can convert energy. However, whether such a transformation is more efficient than electromagnetic - the conclusion to this difficult.

Change in the dielectric constant of the motion of matter in a magnetic field (or under the influence of a moving magnetic field) will lead to a change in capacitance. There is a real opportunity to change the capacitance over a wide range, to manage this change.

The most promising right now, in my opinion, due to movement of substances in a magnetic field (or the creation of a moving magnetic field) to influence the course of chemical reactions or change the physical characteristics of the substance. The change in light transmission, optical rotation, the impact on the working environment of lasers, the creation of dynamic systems with controllable characteristics - research prospects are promising.

And in the cabinet of curiosities interesting devices like the generator is always a place.

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