NEW BREAD

on 24 August 2012.

 

Millions of people in the world are malnourished and starving. Lack of food is the main executioner. If this destruction there was at least some sense and there was a factor in the selection of some, if not to accept the status quo, then, at least, get a share of the moral justification for calm have been possible.

But can you blame a poor harvest
Luda
for typhoon for drought? Can we blame them for their poverty, for ignorance, for doomed to a hopeless existence? For lack of talent leaders for corruption of the ruling bureaucracy, the indifference of those who could have helped?

Is the right to life is an inalienable human right, and not whether the person is an integral part of humanity, but then we should not allow themselves to die of hunger in this, giving them some help. Praying to any gods, we affirm the need to love others as oneself.

Or should we idolize Hitler, Stalin, Mao, Pol Pot, for the destruction of millions?

To the author, there is a real opportunity to not only save people from hunger, but also to provide them an acceptable amount of protein foods, which will lead very active lifestyles. This possibility is to colonization of the stomach and intestinal microflora, the ability to fix nitrogen from the air and liquid environments. Analyze whether it is possible to organize a general microflora symbiosis with the living organism.

 


 

It is noteworthy that such an animal as a cow - as you know, pure herbivore - eats not grass, namely the microflora, which settles on the chewed and moistened enzymes grass. Moving through the intestines, this biomass consistently exposed to various enzymes. After checking in early intestinal microflora in the nutrient medium the buildup of protein mass due to the growth of bacteria. They are then exposed to enzymes that kill them and destroy the shell. Is the assimilation of the proteins (peptides). Even the constant burping and eternal cow cud get some explanation is in this perspective: to provide feedback to the beginning of the system, that is, to maintain a strain of bacteria and continuously contaminate the food comes to them. (Some of the microorganisms produce kilogram of their body weight per day of low-protein products, such as hay or straw, up to a ton of protein mass at creation of a suitable environment). That is, we can confidently say that, at least in herbivores feeding system of the body protein food microbiology work, and quite effectively, and in a very long time (in historical terms) of time that is worked out fairly strong strains. However, the gastrointestinal tract they have undergone, in the same historical plane big enough change.

And a simple room mole, destroying Wool also uses bacteria that multiply in the wool milled in the gastro-intestinal tract, that is not powered mole hair, but a living protein food - bacteria. Therefore sometimes use antibiotics to fight moths - they destroy flora, and the mole dies of hunger.

Nodule bacteria are the most studied object of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. They live on the roots of peas, soybeans, beans, corn, acacias and other plants in the nodules, specific bulges on the roots. Atmospheric nitrogen is absorbed by bacteria that produce organic compounds, and these compounds are nitrogen fertilizers. This is many times increased crop productivity.

The fact that many of these bacteria live in symbiosis with the host plants, said a rather severe conditions of normal development. Changing the culture medium can lead to oppression of reproduction, reduction in biomass production and loss in the competition with other microorganisms. In addition, these types of microorganisms seem to require for the life that they can not give a simple culture medium, in other words, they are parasites.

Studies on nitrogen-fixing bacteria is fairly intense and quite encouraging results were obtained. However, the direction of research was more agricultural than physiological: The possibility of increasing the yield of different crops if introduced into the soil like bacteria, the conditions of their existence (for example, within the optimal pH of the medium), and the necessary components of life.

Very strong review of data on nitrogen-fixing bacteria was carried out in [1].

 Production of nitrogen fertilizer in the world today is almost comparable to the production of similar compounds nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Moreover, it should be noted that no harm to the environment the bacteria do not bring, which is not the chemical plants.

Humanity has already decided some digestive problems, allocating part of it to the bacteria. Even milk, some people prefer to use only sour, remember that with wine, brew and cheese and bread is processed products of bacteria. And these products are easier to digest, contain more vitamins and they sometimes increase the protein content.

Now it is recognized that an illness or taking antibiotics to restore microflora of the stomach and intestines. However, the recovery to date are strains that are found in healthy people, but who are not at all nitrogen-fixing bacteria (kolibaktrin, bifumbaktrin, laktobaktrin - these drugs have firmly taken its place in the restoration of microflora).

That the body, or rather its environment saturated with nitrogen, is well known. Caisson disease occurs after exposure of the body in a high pressure in the transition to the normal conditions. Nitrogen, which is in the breathing mixture is dissolved in the blood under high pressure in large proportions than normal, and then, after removal of the pressure, it tends to come out of the liquid (blood), "boil" and clogs the blood vessels. It should be emphasized that not only dissolved nitrogen in the blood, but also in any other body fluids.

Thus, the nitrogen in the mediums available. In the intestine and stomach pierced by blood vessels, there is an intensive exchange of media components - that the oxygen and carbon dioxide, and salt, and water. One of the components, and, in the author's view, it is very important, it is nitrogen, which can be fixed with the help of microorganisms - nitrogen fixers.

State the problem: can we find such strains of microorganisms in nature, which are now held in a centuries-old tested sufficiently representative community of people? A characteristic feature of this community will be a minimum food intake sufficiently active lifestyle, and the energy value of food consumed, will be much less to accomplish the work.

Actually, a genetically engineered microorganism can get with given properties, but the issue is similar to creating the laboratories can be fraught with unpredictable consequences, in addition, he is prohibited by international treaties.

You can, of course, remember that there are some cases where a person does not eat for years (for instance, there were credible reports from China about a woman who for many years not to take food), but a few cases so bad that they are talking about purely individual characteristics of the organism, the creation of the body environment, which is populated by such microorganisms that can never live in another environment.

Therefore it is better to pay attention to large groups of people whose data are sufficiently reliable.

It is known that, for example, yoga, consume a very small amount of food that teaching them about the breath, realized in the exercise, said the possibility of the absorption of energy from the air (prana). Discarding mysticism can accept the hypothesis of a possible settlement in the internal environment of yogis nitrogen-fixing bacteria. It is noteworthy that the transfer of knowledge among yogis approved only in direct contact with a perfect yogi, a teacher, that is, the possibility of contamination of the organism strain of bacteria occurs at a sufficiently high probability. However, passive yoga, low energy performance (static exercises do not require much away) and the complexity of mastering all the techniques of breath (which may, prepares the body to move in a strain of microorganism, change the composition of matter of the body) makes the study of yoga is not very promising.

In
New Guinea
, there are tribes who consume foods that are very low in protein. However, they emit as much nitrogen, which is otherwise, as put forward the hypothesis that the population of nitrogen-fixing bacteria of the body, can not explain this fact. The disadvantage of this strain of microorganisms can be considered the requirement of a large number of plant foods, which creates the necessary breeding ground for the existence of bacteria. The specificity of food can become an insurmountable obstacle to the use of this strain in other countries.

In the mountains of Nepal Sherpas live, people who not only adapted to living in the highlands, is not only a very active energy-intensive way of life, but it seems that because of the traditions, food, or luck is a carrier of nitrogen fixers fantastic productivity. Eating a handful of dried fruit, Sherpa can do the most difficult mountain passes, with load, which is often equal to its weight, and at high altitudes, where oxygen is much less than at sea level. Energy costs at the same time are such that not even close to be compared with the energy content of food.

It can be assumed that it is the conditions of oxygen deficiency is an important factor in the creation of a suitable environment in the body for the settlement of the bacteria strains and their activation (compared with yogis suggests). But Sherpa village located in the valleys, where the pressure is slightly different from normal. This argument is not in favor of a system of artificial respiration or oxygen starvation.

But recent studies show that breathing technique has a great effect on the body, even on its energy performance. For the microorganisms important factor is the acidity of the medium. That is, perhaps, having developed a style of breathing, we can maintain the pH of the internal environment to the extent that is required for nitrogen-fixing bacteria.

Necessary factor, however, is the settlement, and, preferably, regular, microflora. Changing the composition of food, the use of drugs, the disease can destroy or change the qualitative composition of the microflora, so support it up to the preferred external and regular. Even if the individual internal environment of the body are not good enough for nitrogen-fixing bacteria and their reproduction is not possible, or depressed, then just a few hours of their life in order to provide the body with the necessary amount of protein to maintain a normal life.

Thus, we can conclude that now may be at least two ways to fight hunger.

1) Check the gastro-intestinal microorganisms that create digestible protein in the standards that are acceptable for life. Since these bacteria are parasites, we can expect that this is the most promising path. Maintaining the temperature in the strictly defined limits, the supply of parasitic microorganisms nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, salts, that is, all the necessary elements, the removal of waste products, recycling killed bacteria - this is an ideal opportunity to organize only in the host organism. To increase the productivity of the animals this way can be used now, without years of testing and verification. That animals of the same breed, even a family vary enormously in terms of productivity, a fact that confirms the possibility and the necessity of settling the digestive tract nitrogen fixers - a factor of infection is quite a strong strain of chance, but the result of this immediately affects the productivity of the animal.

2) external digestion, that is certainly a low-calorie low-protein processing product outside the body strains of microorganisms that will create enough digestible protein, which requires maintaining the external forces of temperature, pH, salinity and gas content of the medium - is the author's opinion is unsound manner. Several advantages to this method: the rejection of settlement gastrointestinal specific microorganisms, the ability to process the biomass produced by chemical and thermal way, exceeds the biological capacity of the organism, the possibility of food products with the familiar qualities of food with the help of both methods of preparation, and with the help of specific additives .

Interestingly, one of the greatest programs of the
Soviet Union
to provide protein food was precisely at this point. Defectiveness of the program was to try to petroleum refining (not plants) in digestible protein, which, as it turned out later, was a wrong decision (or rather to say, the program was flawed in its globality, of numerous violations of technology industries, insufficient duration of testing. For refining of petroleum products in digestible plants fertilizer in case of emergency spills found strains and now of considerable interest.)

Rescue program hungry, in my opinion, will be the expedition to the Himalayas, where it is necessary to analyze and select those microorganisms that are powerful enough nitrogen-fixing bacteria to the human body could not only survive them, but could survive fairly high quality, with no loss disability. After that, apparently, the term needs thorough testing of microorganisms on the sample of people from other communities, production of a large number of micro-organisms in an easy to use form.

This phase can already be produced in laboratories in
Europe
without much away in the programs of the UN.

And when will the fight for quality of life among survivors, then we can say: "We did everything to live. Now I have to pull the clamp on education, education, and sharing of survivors to the norms of civilization. " But unless we can do nothing?

The main objective of microbiology in this direction is not to create new bacteria "chimeras", and in search of bacteria that tens of thousands of years occupied large community of people, and which are sufficiently entrenched in the traditional modes of transmission have been tested by many generations, help to survive in harsh conditions ozdoravlivayusche and affect the body.

 

References:

1. Manorik AV Fiksatsiya molecular nitrogen symbiotic systems. Kiiv, "Naukova Dumka", 1976, 163 p.