Rest, waterfalls, diamonds and adrenaline

on 23 August 2012.

There is a set of the most interesting occupations which each person can execute during holiday or a short-term outdoor recreation. Hunting, fishing, campaigns, the sea, giving, health - whether is not enough directions.

    However all of them are passive in the sense that the  move toward the target in them is limited only to a solved task.
    Let's assume that the love to adventures at available level for each person is the factor put in us. Let's assume also that the directed activity can have and other purpose, but sometimes accompanying hunting, fishery etc.

    Money is necessary to someone, to someone the solution of problems is vital, to someone there is a need to satisfy the adventurous inquiries.

Whether you know, what in X-rays diamonds, emeralds, corundum, sapphires, amethyst etc. are shone?


Both in India, and in the Republic of South Africa, and in CIS countries look for stones breed raying a X-ray with the subsequent catching of objects at the expense of afterglow. The neglect effect of afterglow turns people rather into slaves, than in creative specialists. That we also observe by search of emeralds in Colombia, semi-precious stones in Sri Lanka etc. There look for semi-precious stones simple survey and breed selection on qualities "shine" and "reflection". The impossibility to analyze other qualities obviously sweeps aside a set of valuable stones in a dump.
    Crystals and in an ultraviolet are shone. The crystals containing some impurity, are shone with this, red, dark blue, yellow light. The rigid ultraviolet which receive by means of lamps of low pressure is more preferable. (For the reference: there are no the crystals which are not containing impurity, and it essentially: there can be a bigger or smaller maintenance of any element, but absence them it is simply impossible).

     If to take a source of an ultraviolet and to cut by means of the filter visible light, the night world in our eyes will be transformed beyond recognition. In night, when there is no watt of visible light and surrounding subjects are invisible, but there is an order to be shone the substances, interesting to us, it is possible to see crystals with bigger probability, than at a sunlight. Any crystal is the ultraviolet converter in visible light.

      In the dark crystals flash against dark breed as bright stars** * * * * * * *.This so delightful and gripping show that it would be necessary to test it to any person.
    Cutoff of visible light from a source of an ultraviolet is reached by means of the selective filters passing an ultraviolet, but not passing visible light. The similar scheme is realized, for example, in devices for check of monetary notes: the source of radiation radiates an ultraviolet and visible light, but visible light is cut by means of selectively passing filter; in an ultraviolet of a label are shone and testify to falsity or naturalness of a note. Such filters cut also a rigid ultraviolet which very badly affects eyes.
     Besides, it is known that crystals are shone as well at influence on them of ionizing radiation, that is at influence an alpha, a beta or scale of beams. And it means that, having taken an ampoule of some radioactive substance and having directed its radiation on the earth (having secured, certainly,), it is possible to move in the dark and to catch sparks of light of a required crystal. Such device does not look, of course, preferable at comparison with an ultra-violet source on safety for an organism, but it is exclusively simple.
     Also there is one more interesting effect: crystal afterglow after light influence. That is, having sustained a crystal on light, and then, having placed it in darkness, it is possible to notice a luminescence it.       

     Implementation of the similar scheme can look so: flash of light directed on the studied area of a surface (flash does not light an eye - for this purpose it is possible to provide either closing of eyes or closing of a diaphragm of the device of supervision), breed viewing after flash visually, via photo multipliers, or devices of night vision, a preliminary set is exemplary, day sorting of a material by means of devices of determination of hardness.

     It is impossible to imagine the device which can distinguish stones on quality only at the expense of a luminescence in an ultraviolet or afterglow. It is necessary to make after selection of stones the analysis on other parameters. Unfortunately, not all gold that shines!

      Therefore the organization of a comprehensive approach to studying of the gathered material is desirable. Having taken in a campaign a crystal which showed at night a good luminescence, it is necessary to check it on hardness, light refraction etc. Visually crystals can represent grains with the dim opaque or rough surface, quite often covered with films, crusts and gouges extraneous substances.

     Even well educated crystals with smooth surfaces do not possess shine and "game" and consequently do not involve attention. It not brilliants!
     Let's draw a travel picture - entertainments near to native places and without special efforts and expenditure.
      You, it is obligatory not one, and with the good company, having prepared the simple device with an independent food (for example, for check of monetary notes), or with an ampoule of an isotope come on walk near to
the city with spending the night.
      Before dark it is necessary to pass in the expected location of crystals, having placed markers of sites both on complexity, and on a research interesnost. As markers phosphors from fluorescent lamps can serve, for example, cotton, paper - they are so brightly shone in an ultraviolet or at hit of particles what to distinguish them in night very easily. Markers are necessary also not to ring out in a hole, a ravine or water in the dark.
     That you will find something, for the author does not represent
doubts. The analysis of crystals make in the morning and with sufficient scepticism.
For the reference: marble and calcium are shone with this and any opaque world, and this stone will be very big.
     The good (valuable) crystal, as a rule, is no more than haricot (and even it much because such crystal will already make 10 … the 20th carat, we will remind that the carat is a weight for the jewels, one carat makes 0,2 g).
      Such stone is shone with red, blue, yellow light, and this light goes from within, and not just from an external surface.
     If you choose diamond for the analysis, its sizes will be very insignificant, that is about one-five millimeters in diameter. Diamond can be and black (in the light of day) and completely opaque, but it all the same will get to a selection basket. Rubies are shone with only red light. (You can check any ruby of the house). Diamonds can give any color, but also other stones give the most various coloring depending on impurity of elements which participated in formation of crystals.
      About a cost of diamond is estimated as work of the price of one-karat diamond on a square of weight of the found stone expressed in carats. Then, in process of increase of the size and quality of a stone, cost can increase extremely, and without any compliance with an approximate formula. Densely - dark blue Indian diamond "Gopp" in weight 44,5 carats (8,9 grams!) is one of the most valuable brilliants in the world. "Kulinan's" mass, the biggest diamond extracted for today, before crushing was 621 gram (the 3106th carat), it was not high-quality diamond, but its price was equated to the price of 180 tons of gold!

    Cost one-karat (without cracks) diamond is roughly estimated at $200, then diamond cost in the 5th carat (that is diamond 1 gram is powerful) will be estimated approximately at $5000 (it without color and quality). Poor-quality, muddy, cracked stones cost cheaper considerably. But also they are necessary!  Tools for cutting glass , cutters, drills, diamond paste etc., etc.
    If to apply installation with a powerful pulse light source (flashlight, for example), then it is necessary to catch visually, and preferably with instruments arriving light. Having strengthened light photo multipliers or the devices of night vision working for strengthening of a signal, instead of on transformation its frequencies (teplovizor), it is possible to allocate sites with abnormally high brightness which will represent objects of special attention.
    Sampling can be made on some standard samples which hardness to researchers is known. In principle, operation of all devices is based on comparison with any measure or signal transformation for comparison with a measure.
    Having checked the found sample on hardness on available measures, it is possible to make already the preliminary analysis of quality of a crystal and its relation to this or that group of stones.

     The elementary check can look as scratch drawing on some set of the measures which hardness is precisely known, the found sample. The sample will put scratch if it is firmer than this measure. (Return check is possible also: drawing on the found sample of scratch a crystal with in advance known hardness).
     Except diamonds there are rubies, topazes, amethyst, alexandrite, emeralds, sapphires, cornelians, and it is so much other stones that is not necessary them and to list. Main issue: where they are? Whether we can take them?
    The perspective locations of stones, strangely enough, are the same locations of better known minerals, enough precious, such as, for example, gold and platinum.
    It is known that perspective places for research, are, for example, deltas of the rivers proceeding through the studied area.
    The river or stream, proceeding through this district, washes away a material large quantity from the soil, mixes it, grinds, splits up and turns into sand. But the material is stronger, the it is less probability of that it will fray, the it is less probability of that it will disappear. The river drags a material down therefore probability of that in lower reaches of the river the interesting object much more, than will be found in its upper courses. In the fast rivers the probability of finding of interesting objects will be more than in slow. In the ancient currents which have dug ravines, gorges and canyons, probability of that these currents found a kimberlit tube, much higher, than in "young" and not having the settled bed of the rivers.
    In view of that processes go millions years, it is possible to argue that the best stones, that is what passed sample by time and physical conditions, it is possible to find or on the sea coast, or on the coast of a stream, the river, either on a rift, or in existing falls, or in beds of those rivers that disappeared many years ago.
     In small falls and on rifts of the rivers and streams hollows, "pockets" to which stones intensively move under the influence of water streams are formed, fray, but cannot leave a trap. Eventually more and more soft minerals are used up completely, remain only such which hardness appeared maximum. On an attestation of eyewitnesses in similar "pockets" found diamonds on many hundreds carat. Falls are unique natural flushing trays, and it is possible to find in them both diamonds, and gold, and platinum. And still god knows that.

    If the river or a stream proceeds on the district where there is something interesting, this "interesting" is inevitable was exposed to washing away, inevitably it was dragged downstream, and inevitably in natural trays it settled. Besides, in hollows of falls there is also a washing away of dead rock, vials of air grasp the smallest particles of breed and carry away them with water flows. In falls there is no silt!

      Campaign on the small mountain small river, which proceeds on the district, where authentically is very much (very much!) minerals can become extremely breathtaking, stunning and it is interesting. And finds are not connected with violation of laws. Whether it is not enough that we picked up in the river - the rolled splinter of a bottle or an emerald!

       By the way, cost of those stones in the Republic of South Africa which are found on the coast, that is passed centuries-old approbation at influence of external factors, three times exceeds cost of the stones found in kimberlitovy tubes. All treshchinovaty or having defects stones during such check were destroyed, there were “eternal values”.
      The solved task vacationers consists in the preliminary analysis of the area of rest, in the possibilities on time, as equipment, in number of involved people and in desire to achieve success.