Electricl suspension in transport

on 19 August 2012.

Author is deeply convinced all the forces in nature is electric. And it's proving a bit awkward. Only ancient able to prove without evidence. The argument was: Look!

 
Author sets the task to show the real possibility of using electric power in transportation and other variety devices.

The strength of the interaction of two charges:

F = qq / (4πεar2)

Where q-values ​​of the charges,

εa is the absolute dielectric constant of the medium

εa = ε0ε

ε0-permittivity of vacuum,

ε - relative dielectric constant, it shows how many times the interaction between the charges in an infinite homogeneous medium is less than in a vacuum

r-distance between point charges.

The numerical value

ε0 = 1 / (4π *9*109) = 8.85 × 10-12 F / m

Since the permittivity of air is almost 1 (1.00026), the

F = qq / (4πεar2) = 9*109* qq / r2

 

When the value of the charges in the Coulomb interaction force is one of 1 meter will 9*109 Newton. Better written as 9 000 000 000 Newton.

Or the words nine billion Newton.

Electrolytic capacitors accumulate a decent charge, for example, 10,000 uF capacitance and voltage 200 V

   Q = CU = 10000*10-6*200 = 2 Coulomb. A field outside the capacitor no no. The whole field is concentrated between the plates. And nothing, then the network is absolutely nothing! No external manifestations.

Atom is also neutral. Although the first orbit, the electric field of the order 1010V / m

And electric dipoles are neutral. And far away from the dipole field has not. At a great distance! A close dipoles interact with each other, with the charges, with the fields (drawn to an area with a large gradient of the field).

It was at this point is, in my opinion, very interesting point.

So. Small dipoles. At small distances from the dipole field is strong enough, almost like a free charges. With increasing distance, the distance from the dipole field sharply (inverse distance to the third power) falls. If the dipole was bigger, longer and with large charges, the field would fall as well, but the distance over which it was felt would act to increase.

E = p (1 + 3cosa) 1/2 / (4πεar3)

Where p is the electric dipole moment, p = QL

r-unit radius vector drawn from the center of the dipole to the point where we are interested in the tension

a-angle between the radius vector r and the shoulder of the dipole L.

The field at a point on the perpendicular to the shoulder of the dipole, vosstavlennom of his middle:

E = p / (4πεar3)

Field on the axis of the dipole, where a = 0

Therefore, E = p / (2πεar3)

This is not a joke - two times more than the dipole between charges! With billions of Newton!

Do you know how big a unipolar charge is the car?

In its simplest form, such a machine is a disk rotating in a magnetic field. The movement of the conductor across the magnetic field lines and the appearance of EMF - this phenomenon, which is realized. On the drive between the axis and the periphery there is a difference of potentials.

On the basis of the most common reasons we estimate the charges arising on the axis and the periphery of the copper disk, weighing 1 kg, which is rotating in a magnetic field B = 1 T at a speed of 3000 rev. / Min. (314 rad / s). The molecular weight of 0.064 kg of copper, the value of the electron charge 1.6 x10-19 Coulomb. Valency let it be one. Moles per kilogram of copper 1/0, 064 = 15.625

Then the charge on the periphery (on axis), if all the electrons are displaced

Q = 6,02 *1023*1,6*10 -19*15,625 = 150.5 × 104 = 1505000
Coulomb
And this despite the fact that the voltage difference between the axis and the periphery, depending on the diameter of the disk and the speed of 10...1 volts!

Of course, not all of the electrons will move to the periphery, they are somehow smeared all over the disk, on the rim of them will be bigger, smaller in the middle. Yes, let it be so! Reduce the actual space charge at the edge of the disc in 1000. Let there be no 1 505 000
Coulomb, but only 1500.

Why no external manifestations such huge charges?

And because of all the field is concentrated in the disk. Positive and negative charge interact through a conductor is much better than through air or a vacuum. Conductor wires, electric field, and spend perfect. Current encounters resistance in conductors, electric field - no!

If the distance to the point of measurement equal to the shoulder of the dipole, this formula turns into the formula of tension unit charge.

And it becomes clear to very significantly increase the electric dipole moment to get serious tensions in macrospace.

Where we can fix in the field of electrolytic capacitors?
 
At a distance of 10-8 ... 10-7 meters.

Where we can fix the field at bumazhnoplenochnyh capacitors (insulator 100 microns). Exactly at that distance. That's it! Attenuation of the field tremendously. Also, after all the plates of the charge spread over the entire area of ​​the plates of that is the surface charge, which will be made measurement of the electric field microsensors will be very small.

Increase in the charge can not be in a microcosm. In the macro world - arbitrarily.

Increase the degree of leverage in the microcosm impossible. In the macro world - arbitrarily.

Just do not engage in self-deception - if pilfer a proton and an electron at a distance of 10 billion light-years, the good of it will not be, will not be an electric dipole moment of such great. Accurate to say that it did not. There somewhere, in mikroprostranstvah die all interaction microcharges.

So, we pose. What a way to create a decent (and hundreds Pendants Pendants charges) in macrospace.? Moreover, the charges must be on makrorastoyaniyah - tens of centimeters?

Capacitors do not fit - small distance between the plates, small dipoles. Although the charges are quite decent.

Electrolytic capacitors have a dielectric layer is an oxide layer on one electrode. This is almost the atomic distance 10-8 cm = 10-10 m the plates can be seen as a series of (many) dipoles oriented in accordance with. Lining up in rolls, the fields from adjacent layers vzaimopogashayutsya. Field outside no.

There are paper, film, paper and film capacitors. The insulator has a thickness of hundreds of microns 100x10-6 m = 10-4 m = 0.1 mm. Couple facings with isolator wound roll. Field outside no.

So far, only the magnets showed us all kinds of devices for attraction (eg, magnetic valves) or suspension (for example, transport to Maglev). Electric charges considered, can not continue for long, because it implies that the creation of how or whether significant charges to create a high voltage. Comb, rubbed against wool, or amber, or glass, draw, of course, a few grams of paper or dust. But this is too little. In addition, after a very short time the charges are neutralized.

Only unipolar machines show us a huge, huge charges, and stored at very low voltages.

Two discs, rotating magnetic fields (this is the simplest design to implementation), will be at a short distance to repel each other with great force. "Close-range" - is the characteristic size of the dipole-disk - the disk with a radius of four inches, and the distance of interaction will be. Then, as the distance - a sharp decline in the interaction

However, there is a very embarrassing moment - the charge transfer through a wire when two disks. Explain. Two converging ravnoimennyh charge (at the periphery of the disc, for example, electrons accumulate in the desired direction of rotation of the magnetic field) tend to flow through rastolknutsya and drives on the opposite side. Drives-a conductive! This baring uncompensated positive charge in the center and will dramatically change the interaction.

But there is a way to deal with this overflowing.

Discs must produce two parts: the outer (peripheral) and internal (axial). And the wheels disconnected dielectric. Exterior and interior bridge connects only when overclocking. After promotion drive in the magnetic field and the formation of charges (a dipole is formed - the axis is positively charged, the periphery - negative) opens communication between the axis and the periphery. In addition to partition the disks, that is, the outer part of the disc should be divided into segments, which are also dielectrically isolated from each other. Now the charges have nowhere to go. Reallocation prohibited.

The magnetic field can not be removed in any case! The charge separation is due to the Lorentz force, the movement of the conductor (or charge) in a magnetic field. But as soon as fall field or slow drive, the voltage will increase dramatically!

It would be ideal to place these disks one above the other - then the effect will be maximal. Ready electrical suspension! Bearing, for example, the rotor gyroscope flywheel.

Author considered not ideal design unipolar machine. In the Encyclopedia is much better:

 

 

 1 - winding, 2 - current collection devices, 3 - stator, 4 - anchor, 5 - axis of rotation of the generator shaft, 6 - external load, 7 - the magnetic field lines field coils, 8 - insulator. Lines and crosses denote the direction of the current in the coils (on the reader and from him). Insulator may include fingers curl as the transfer clutch.

Load (6) can be discarded (or use it as a bridge at the time of the charge dipole). Between the brushes on the rotor needs insulator-insulator (which, of course, ease the design - but we do not hammer nails it?).

Please note: the ends, too, will get the charge!

So, what can we expect from the unipolar machine in such use.

Create makrodipolya a dipole such magnitude that in the immediate vicinity will be a field that allows you to confidently work on other charges and dipoles. (It does not matter how fast the fall field: according to the cube of the distance or the seventh degree. Unipolar machine as a dipole - it's not just two shots separated by a dielectric. Process much more complicated.). This is a new tool of influence, a new influence. And whether it's transportation or tool then we will decide, for each case separately.

Suppose we put a number of cylindrical unipolar machines on the road (many, many!). From above, a carriage (locomotive) found one or two cylinders. The charge, made hovering above the surface. Traction motor to give the movement. No friction, the power consumption is minimized.

Output.

We can create tremendous value charges. We can make it so that there will be a high voltage breakdown, air ionization.

We can store these charges indefinitely.

And we can use the accumulated charges!

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